Indefinite article (a/ an)

  •  Indefinite articles refer to a general thing instead of a particular one.
  •  “A” and “an” go with singular nouns.
  •  “An” precedes a noun beginning with a vowel (A, E, I, O ,U)
  • (an apple, an elephant, an ice cream, an orange, an umbrella)
  • Please give me a pen; any pen will do.
  • Please hand me a notebook; any notebook will do.
  • I saw a man riding a horse.

Definite article (the)

  • Definite article refers to a particular thing, instead of a general thing. Hearers know exactly which one we’re talking about.
  • “The” precedes singular, plural and uncountable nouns.
  • There are many pens on the table. Please give me the red one.
  • There is a garden behind my house. The garden is very beautiful.
  • My mom gave me a postcard. The postcard she gave me is red.


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